The Father of Liberalism, John Locke


John Locke was an English philosopher born to Puritan parents in Wrington, Somerset, England on August 29, 1632 about 11:30 in the morning. His ascendant 12 Scorpio, [SS] “is the “embassy hall,” or the social dramatization that brings self fulfillment. Implicitly, this is an emphasis on the practical values of life and the political organization of society as the consummation of these potentials. The keyword is Display, and the symbol works well for someone who is the father of the “Rights of Man.”

Educated at Oxford University, Oxford, England, principally in medicine and became the physician to the future 3rd Earl of Shaftesbury. After the latter’s fall from grace, fled to the Netherlands where he supported the Glorious Revolution, the overthrow the historic English monarchy (James II) and the installation of William of Orange (the colour of the Dutch) and his wife Mary. 

During this time he wrote his magnum opus, the “Essay Concerning Human Understanding” (1688) where he postulated “sensationalism”  the philosophical theory where the mind perceives physical qualities (size and shape and weight) but also other indefinite attributes that vary depending upon the observer (taste, smell and colour).  These properties could be combine things into further compound properties and ideas.  

(c) Government Art Collection; Supplied by The Public Catalogue Foundation

Locke disagreed with the Divine Right of Kings, instead writing that the King was responsible to Parliament and a ruler’s obligation was foremost to his subjects, to ensure the right to freedom, to thought, to speech and worship. This was all underpinned by the most important right of all — that of property.  This was a hypothetical “social contract,” and became the nucleus of the politics of Liberalism** and the foundation of the both the French and American Revolutions. While similar sounding to Natural Law, first posited by Aristotle, Locke’s Natural Rights are ex-deo — not God given.**

Dr. Locke died on October 28, 1704 at Essex England.

The Locke Chart

Dr. Locke has a preponderance in his 10th house of Virgo, so it unsurprisingly that he began his career as a medical man. This grouping would also encourage him to align himself with stronger or politically more adept men, are a sceptic and very introspective. He has few planets retrograde, so was not a staunch traditionist and with a Mars in the 11th house in Libra, near the 12th cusp, felt that revolution was a purgative for the public soul.

His line of motivation (Jupiter opposite Square) supports his Locomotive Temperament Type with his life broken into two separate periods —  the latter being an attempt to expunge his earlier moral weakness and state plainly his beliefs (Saturn in the 12th at 23 Scorpio 07).  This is probably his 2nd tome, where he displays an almost fanatical adherence to principle. Saturn here also suggests that he may have been too practical in the quest for an ideal partner and thus unmarried (we could find nothing to support that he married) or that his own lack of funds inhibited his search.

Locke’s Dynamic Aptitude, using Saturn but this time to the socially significant planet of Uranus, suggests that despite his rigid belief in liberalness, he was autocratic & arrogant. While these aspects may have been offputting in his lifetime, over time, they have not mattered, as his thoughts and philosophy, much as he hoped, the man himself.

Immanuel Kant and Emmanuel Swedenborg also had the dynamic square of these Saturn to Uranus, suggesting the importance of pointing a philosophical way for people or society to follow; Locke surely posited that in his writings. Though raised a Puritan (Saturn on the 1st house cusp), he later embraced Socinian Christology (a Polish form of Unitarianism that also denies the trinity but importantly argues for the separation of church and state, while stressing the importance of the moral life; George Sylvester Morris & John Dewey also agreed ***) shown via his Uranus- Saturn sextile.


Footnotes:

1* The epithet “Liberalism” has changed in the past hundred years as each political party has claimed it as its own, but Liberalism as a political philosophy (not as a party) has always meant what Locke in The Second Treatise of Government wrote:  the defense of the individual’s rights and a representative government.
Locke believed that people have these rights were prior to the existence of government—often called  “natural rights” because they do not government to create them, and that people form a government to protect, not grant them. According to Locke,  when a government exceeds that role by creating superfluous rights to extend its power or abridge the natural rights, it justifies people in revolting. 
A representative government is the best way to ensure that it sticks to its proper purpose for “Government is not free to do as it pleases… The law of nature stands as an eternal rule to all men, legislators and others.”

2* For further discussion of Natural Law vs. Natural Rights, see this Quora.com but simply stated: natural law is bestowed, while natural rights are demanded. They may or may not be the same.

3* Marc Jones thesis for his Ph.D. was on George Sylvester Morris, that he later published via the Sabian Publishing Society. He was also an attendee of Morris’s most renown student, John Dewey’, and his ill-fated Chicago Laboratory School.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s