Vogue Magazine, December 1926 Photograph by Edward Steichen
THE history of Sherwood Anderson is the history of a man groping painfully for an understanding of his own ideas. They flash before him out of the void, and he contemplates them with a sort of wonder, seeking to penetrate their significance, and sometimes not succeeding. Here I do not simply speculate grandly; I say only what the man has said himself, and in plain terms. Mid-American Chants represents his effort to turn this puzzlement into ecstasy; in Many Marriages he takes refuge in metaphysics; in such acrid and revelatory short stories as Death in the Woods he contents himself with stating his problem, and letting the answer go. But the man grows.
He is still a wanderer in a wood, but he has begun to find paths and landmarks. In Dark Laughter, I believe, is a foreshadowing of the Anderson who is ahead—an Anderson still happily free from the ready formulae of the Bennetts and Wellses, and yet making contact with an ordered and plausible rationale of life. In Dark Laughter, the latest of his books, Anderson begins to be oriented. It is, I think, one of the most profound American novels of our time. It has all the cruel truthfulness of a snapshot, and it is at the same time a moving and beautiful poem.
Sherwood Anderson is one of the most original novelists ever heard of. He seems to derive from no one, and to have no relation to any contemporary. An aloof, moody, often incoherent, mainly impenetrable man, he has made his own road. There is, at the top of his achievement, an almost startling brilliance; there is in him, even at his worst, every sign of a sound artist—sometimes baffled by his materials, perhaps, but never disingenuous, never smug, never cheap. H.L. MENCKEN
Anderson was born on September 13 1876 in Camden, Lorrain County, Ohio. We have pegged his ascendant to 18 Virgo. Locomotive temperament. Saturn in Pisces in the 6th is an interesting placement, highlighting how Anderson used his work to create a distance from him and family demands. This perhaps suggests his many divorces and nervous breakdown in Cleveland in 1912 which led to him pursuing a full time literary career.
Bernard Malamud was a terrific writer of short stories but somehow never made it to the full length novel. As we close down the 500 nativities, I began to wonder why, so I did his chart. He won two National Book Awards and the Pulitzer Prize all like his famous “The Natural” that had some element of magic within.
Malamud himself said he was writer of ”simple people struggling to make their lives better in a world of bad luck.” And that does seem to wrap up why he could not go the long form distance — he was more of a workman than an artist (Neptune conjunct Mars in the sixth).
On the basis of ”The Assistant” and ”The Fixer,” critics began to think of Mr. Malamud as a ”Jewish writer” along with Saul Bellow and Philip Roth. Mr. Malamud, said that he found the label of ”Jewish writer” inadequate & the three writers shared more differences than similarities for in his case, Jewishness was more a spiritual than a cultural or a religious quality.
‘‘I was concerned with what Jews stood for,” he said, ”with their getting down to the bare bones of things. I was concerned with their ethicity – how Jews felt they had to live to go on living.”
Alfred Tennyson was the most popular poet of the Victorian age. With royal patronage, Queen Victoria made in Poet Laureate in 1850, his poetry defined an era. There was a time when his poems, particularly the Charge of the Light Brigade at the Battle of Balaclava during the Crimean War. were de rigeur for high school literature.
Tennyson had a superb ability to pen quotable lines, something quite difficult, but the key to memorization. The Brigade, a not very long poem, but highly alliterative thus keeping the meter flowing, are the memorable verses of “Theirs not to reason why, Theirs but to do and die: Into the valley of Death Rode the six hundred. ” Thrilling stuff..as “Cannon to right of them, Cannon to left of them, Cannon behind them volleyed and thundered.”
His poor beginnings
He was born August 6th, 1809, at Somersby, Lincolnshire on the east coast of England, north of Boston, the fourth of twelve children. Despite having wealthy relatives, the Tennyson’s lived in relative poverty not only because of their poor health — most of his siblings suffered from one kind of disabling condition or another—melancholia, insanity, opium addiction, alcoholism and epilepsy. The last was tremendously fears because those who saw its victims fell suddenly under its violent spell were horrified by the sudden violence. Even today, epilepsy can be still difficult to treat. (Fyodor Dostoevsky the Russian literary great and contemporary of Count Lev Tolstoy (War and Peace; Anna Karenina) suffered from this disease too. He wrote several pieces on the theme, the most renown The Possessed (where the possession takes some strange turns both mentally and politically) and The Idiot, but the malady is throughout his oeuvre).
His father, a minister, because of ill health increasingly took to drink — the major health tonic of the day — and under it grew increasingly mentally unstable and too physically weak so he could no longer give sermons and thus bring in money for his family. Things changed in 1827 when he could go to Oxford University. This was a transformative moment — shown by Pluto in the 3rd of communications — because it gave him the skills to create inspiring poetry. He made great friends like Edward FitzGerald and William Makepeace Thackeray; and the college he attended boasted of eminent former members as William Wordsworth and Lord Byron. But it was his friendship with the seventeen-year-old Arthur Henry Hallam, son of a leading Whig historian that made the great impression.
The friendship came to a tragic and abrupt close when Hallam died of a cerebral hemorrhage at the age of twenty-two. Tennyson said , “as near perfect as mortal man can be,” and his friend in a long melancholic revelrie that lasted until his own more than half a century later.
Yet, within a year of entrance, Tennyson won the Chancellors Gold Medal for his poem Timbuctoo. This poem, a majestic, though an abbreviated echo of Lord Byron’s Childe Harold, hearkens to a far away Ancient African land of Timbuctoo where possibilities of one’s imagination are the only limits to the magic it can create, much like Percy Shelley’s Epipsychidion, click here for that one.
the Prince and Alfred
Surprisingly, after a brilliant start, several of his poem afterward got harsh reviews. Thus our soulful poet went into retreat and stopped publishing, though it seems kept writing, for the next 9 years or roughly a 1/3 of a Saturn rotation. That’s important because Saturn is conjunct his ascendant at 27 Scorpio 13 [a military band at march] making not only his father’s illness and misfortune affect him deeply but also all criticism and thoughtless sleights affect him disproportionately.
Then in 1842 coincident with Neptune’s discovery, he published again and this time, the attitude towards poetry and Tennyson had changed (Neptune 04 Sagittarius 07 Rx [a radical magazine gives a man high exaltation and dramatic force to succeed] and granted a civil pension. Now financially secure, Tennyson released his great elegiac poem, In Memoriam A.H. H. (Arthur Henry Hallam).
This is a full-blown poem complete with 131 sections, a prologue, and epilogue mourning not only his friend’s death but also weaving into his personal loss, Tennyson’s remorse over the contemporary dwindling of Christian faith (he wrote that the Hermetic Occultist Giordano Bruno and he had the same religious outlook), the pursuit of money (Charles Dickens not to miss a beat, wrote at the same time in prose about this latter issue in several books culminating in his admixture the Christmas Carol) and the ramifications of Charles Darwin and his theories of evolution.
The timing of Prince Albert’s visit to Tennyson is vague, but at some point the Prince went to see the poet on the Isle of Wight to discuss the Memoriam because of John Stuart Mill’s great praise of the poem. Tennyson was flattered, showcased his works and read some of his more recent works. It was a successful meeting and the Prince of England, recommended Tennyson to be William Wordsworth’s (author of Tintern Abbey) successor as poet laureate on November 5 1850. This of course brought his university years full circle, and flush with funds, Tennyson married Emma Sellwood shortly thereafter.
Baron Tennyson died on 6 October 1892 at 83 years old & was buried at Westminster Abbey. His eldest son, Hallam (named for his friend) received his title 2nd Baron Tennyson and since he had been his father’s personal secretary, wrote a biography of him. Here is Hallam’s version of that great Victorian death-bed scene:
The tendency to fatal syncope may be said to have really commenced about 10 A.M. on Wednesday, and on Thursday, 6 October , at 1:35 A.M., the great poet breathed his last. Nothing could have been more striking than the scene during the last few hours. On the bed a figure of breathing marble, flooded and bathed in the light of the full moon streaming through the oriel window; his hand clasping the Shakespeare which he asked for but recently, and which he had kept by him to the end; the moonlight, the majestic figure as he lay there, “drawing thicker breath,” irresistibly brought to our minds his own “Passing of Arthur.”
Hallam Tennyson, Alfred Lord Tennyson: A Memoir by His Son(1897)
Hallam then went onto to become the second Governor-General of Australia. When he retired from his post in 1904, he returned to England where he died 15 years or so later.
Recently I have been reading A History of Modern Poetry by David Perkins, Harvard University Press, and rediscovered many a familiar poet that I haven’t read in ages. John Davidson was one though I probably could not have told you more than he was “poet with Eliot connections” but that was about all.
Luckily Prof. Perkins filled in the details and gave a stanza from one of Davidson’s better poems, 30 Bob a Week. Of course doing a lot of poets, like a lot of anything is tedious, but some of the minors peppered with the greats should prove interesting fare.
Davidson and eliot
John Davidson was the son of a Presbyterian minister and born in Barhead, Scotland. He wrote for several newspapers but in the 1890’s devoted himself to verse. He was married with 2 children. He had a rather strange compulsion about “getting cancer” and when he did, he left his wife and his family and went to Cornwall to commit suicide. He was buried at sea with another strange request: his poems could not be anthologized until the copyright ran out. Needless to say, this left his wife and children penniless.
Thomas Stearns Eliot, the Great American poet, liked Davidson because the Scot was one of the first “Moderns” to write in slang. This is highlighted by Davidson’s moon in the 3rd house at 15 Scorpio 38 — making his writing more attuned to sound than prose — as a good poet should be but the kicker is it is opposite via a translation of light (from Mars) to Uranus in Taurus making that sound not high and literary but common and offbeat i.e. slang. The Midheaven at 26 Taurus 05 is conjunct and Venus partile, suggesting as he traveled he squirreled away bits and bobs of language for future use.
Still that stellium in the 9th house is troubling even with Jupiter there with his strong belief in nothing, that the ethereal netherworld of thought, philosophy and poesy that he did embrace left him empty. The fixed signs near the 10th, help fasten him some but with only the Moon opposite and that with Mars only supported his very bleak nihilistic view (sextile Saturn in the 11th).
Merlin and Kassandra
His Yod from Mars to Saturn holds out little promise, pointing as it does to 07 Sagittarius and the Asteroid Kassandra from Homer’s great poem the Iliad as she portends the Trojans falls if they allow the gift from Greeks within their walls.
That is supported by another wizard of fortune, the fabled English Merlin , a fictitious character from the Bard Geoffrey’s Historia Regum Britanniae. Merlin is well known for his many prophecies of the One and Future King of England, Arthur and the Holy Grail, and in Davidson’s chart is right next to his ascendant. Fatalistic to the core, Davidson like astrologer Jerome Cardan had always feared the hand of cancer as it foretold death and when he received a diagnosis of the curse, fled to Cornwall to make it so.
Having just finished Karen Christino’s biography on “Eva Adams” the controversy on her birthdate is barely settled. She gives that Evangeline, a popular name at the time, was born to the poor side of the Adams family on Pavonia Avenue, right next to Journal Square (where the PATH station is these days) Jersey City, New York on February 8, 1868 at 8:36 am.
Marc Jones has the same but 8:30 am that Astrotheme has as well. Christino mentions a lot of things that are odd for Adams to be the youngest of 3 mainly that she supported her mother and two older brothers and that there was during her life a discrepancy of 1859 or 1869.
Her autobiography “Bowl of Heaven” (p.27, quotes of her dad’s diary that was she born 2–8-1868 and the exact time.) Karen Christino, her biographer quotes that the “A Genealogical History of Henry Adams of Braintree, MA”‘ has that same date on her death certificate that coincides with the 1900 Boston census. Problem is by 1896 after her mother died, Evangeline was not in Boston but in New York City. We doubt that like Joseph and Mary of Matthew, she had to return home to be counted.
Then there is problem of her marriage to Mr. George E. Jordan, jr.
Keeping the public’s perception in mind, Adams claimed to be 50 and Jordan 42 on their marriage license; in reality, she was 55 and he, 32. They were married on a Thursday afternoon at the Little Church Around the Corner and while Evangeline had not remained observant, church records nevertheless indicate that she still considered herself a Congregationalist. Jordan was Unitarian.
The New York Herald of April 7, 1923 announced that the marriage would, …result in a merger of their interests, which will just about give them a monopoly. Their horoscopes have said right along that they should marry late in life. They intend to sail for Europe and after a short trip will go to England to negotiate for the opening of a branch office there. If that scheme is successful they will be the only international firm in the astrology business.
Karen Christino, Foreseeing the Future, page 248.
The problem there, based on the proprietary pictures in the book, Miss Adams, she always kept her “stage name” looked rather odd even for 55. It is really more likely that there was 30 year difference, and Catherine H. Thompson wrote into
Catherine H. Thompson wrote to Modern Astrology issue July 8 1933*,
“I notice that the Director of the Evangeline Adams Studios states that she was born in 1868. That is officially contradicted by the record in our Public Library which says that Evangeline Smith Adams was born in 1859….. I met Miss Adams in Boston in 1898 and have friends who knew her there and we cannot understand why ten years have been taken off her age. Records in our State House say that her husband, Mr. George Edwin Jordan, Jr., was born June 20, 1890 at Foxboro, MA, and his mother who lives here states that his wife (Evangeline) was 30 years older than himself.”
This second one is the same day, same time but in 1859 making her 13 when her father died and the eldest child. She gets the same Ascendant but it odd that it is right on degree — that’s something we do when rectifying because anything 1 minute higher is rounded up, so we try to avoid that unless we mention to round down; she gets it naturally.
According to Sepharial, 25 Pisces is a “woman in full Armour, fully equipped and bearing a shield.” He says it is a degree of Security, ” that is the index of a mind set upon high resolves and capable of sustaining the assaults of its enemies in such a degree as to achieve its purposes without loss of fortune, prestige or honor. Such a one may prove to be a great warrior, a woman of the swords like Joan of Arc, and to whom honors will be given without stint. A queen she will sustain her throne by the use of aggressive measures and by victories gained over all her enemies; while she may be of lowly birth she will snatch her crown. Her mind will be upright, astute, aspiring and sustained by an unswerving faith.“
For the 1859, Adams is a bucket with a Saturn handle in the 5th house of creativity that would also show no physical children. Mars and the Moon are in the 1st here suggesting that there was some problem with her birth, and perhaps why her brothers were much younger than her than typical of the age. Here she has the modern ruler or Neptune exalted in the 12th house while Jupiter is in 3rd highlighting her writings and voluminous notes she kept on each client.
The Sun of course is in detriment as she was born in winter, and opposite her Sun’s ruler Saturn, showing that her father was absent and not helpful to her advancement, that she was forced to grow up fast to help the family, and that this embittered her a bit. She had to work hard to make her mark, and that Venus conjunct the Midheaven, it would be something of a “first” for females. While biographer Christino does not say so, one does get the feeling that the 1859 chart, Adams was a bit of suffragette and fighter for women in the workplace because there was no man to count on.
For 1868 Adams is locomotive open to the west with leadership thrust upon her unwillingly with just Neptune in the 1st house and Jupiter exalted in the 12th house. Her midheaven is unspectacular except that she was a traveller and her home was her base of operations.
Katherine Tingley néeKatherine Augusta Westcott, was born on July 6 1847 in Newbury, Massachusetts to James & Susan Westcott. She was mainly educated in public schools and then in a convent school in Montreal. She is best known for as Katherine Tingley, after her third husband, Philo Tingley. Little known about her two other spouses or her family life, odd living as she did so totally in the public.
She was interested in charitable activities as well as in spiritualism, and in her mission work on the Lower East Side she often combined the two. She joined the Theosophical Society on October 13, 1894 & met William Quan Judge, who on November 17, 1875 had helped Helena Blavatsky form the order.
Tingley has a stellium in the 11th house in Aries, with Mars just on the 10th house cusp. She was definitely a strong minded determined woman who would let others dissuade her from her purpose. This stellium shows that she gravitated toward involvements with groups, associations & and organizations that swallow up the individual and keep her from gaining a perspective as she a person becomes lost in the group cause. in her case, she made the group reflect her personality and values so her control was always firmly in place.
Her North Node is in Libra supports this too, her Libran energy is activated by unifying people, thus she acted like a pivot point in the groups affairs. Notable though are her two yods. The first one is from Jupiter to Mars with the apex at Sagittarius 10 — (HS) Mother of the Goddess. The second one is from Saturn in Pisces to Uranus with the apex at her North Node point 14 Libra that is, also HS, medics splinting a broken leg.
Tingley & the Theosophical Society
In 1881, HPB and Henry Steele Olcott moved the Theosophical Society’s headquarters from New York City to Alydar India. After HPB’s death on May 8 1891 in London, Judge led the American branch of the society out of the international movement creating the Theosophical Society of America. He died a year later from chagres fever and supposedly left a “secret diary” bequeathing the organization to the Tingley. She reshaped it, raised funds to establish the School for the Revival of the Lost Mysteries of Antiquity, commonly called the School of Antiquity and founded the International Brotherhood League to work for the benefit of convicts, “fallen women,” and ordinary working men promoting racial harmony. As can be seen for her chart, she had a powerhouse of planets in the 11th house of hopes & objectives for her place and vision of society.
In 1898 she reformed the organization with the American Theosophical Society merged into the Universal Brotherhood with the former group now the sole entity. More importantly Tingley was now “Leader and Official Head.”
Tingley died July 11, 1929, months before Pluto was discovered, in Sweden while on a speaking tour.
In Ms. Greene’s book, The Outer Planets and their Cycles, section #5, Liz admits that her “Mercury is in Gemini”. Based on her birthday of September 4th that cannot be literally true Mercury is never that far away from the Sun (which in September is in Virgo), so she must mean is that it is in its the third house or Gemini.
When we originally rectified her chart, we put her Mercury in the 9th, and Sagittarius. Now we have to switch it around 180 degrees and Mercury is in the 3rd house (vivification or the ability to make things come alive). Instead of a 28 Scorpio ascendant for 1 PM, she now has a 15 Cancer for 1 AM and the Hyperion Symbol of “candles in a shadowy room.” This highlights her ability to be attuned to opposite conditions with the fine skill which discerns each. Gavin McClung gives this symbol, the keyword of “Sensitivity.”
Change in Type
Greene was a deviated bowl; now she is a bucket with a Uranus handle at 12.33 Gemini [HS] “antique seals and sigils” commenting on her conscious sense for dealing with the unknown and forgotten pasts. As this is in the 12th house or the hidden world of the psyche, her focal determinator Uranus allows her contribute Jungian archetypes and myths in self-awareness.
Opposite her Uranus handle is a preponderance of planets in Sagittarius (Administration) in the 6th house where her daily work as a psychologist cum astrologist encourages her to travel both physically and metaphorically to expound her theories and techniques. Her South Node (SN) there is a mutable (cadent) house that always deal with realization.
With two planets and a node there, we see that Ms Greene employs understanding to find an untapped market to which she acts like a guru because coming right after the preponderance of in Leo (assurance) she makes her students (audience) feel that she not only has an “instinctive response” (the 4th) to the problems but also can express the answer both creativity and personally.” (the 5th). Such an ability has led to her unparalleled financial success (she and Robert Hand own Astro.com and now Astrotheme.com).
Using again her idea of Pluto and Neptune for the yod points, as they a sextile away, her original yod is still at 8 Virgo but now in 3rd house. Here we see that Liz has a strong philosophical nature (she has Ph.D. in philosophy) with an abundance of ideals and concepts that do not always translate into practical terms. While she is a glib conversationalist, it’s hard to fully grasp her meanings, as talks on an abstract plane. This was apparent in the Outer Body book with her insistence Pluto is a female planet akin to the Furies, where elsewhere it is associated with Mars. Those who have read her other books can discern that same thread. Her discussion with her audience keeps her grounded, they can point out inconsistencies (and they do!) and jumps in logic that are perplexing. This is like to the conversation she has with her clients who probably do the same.
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Marc Jones has Karl Marx with a 1:30 am birth time. This gives the German political philosopher 10 Aquarius as his ascendant — [HS] “artisan in mosaic glass” the call for careful and sophisticated consideration of subtle distinctions before the execution of one’s great work.” It gets the keyword of “Planning” according to McClung as the key is keeping the end in mind.
Liz Greene in her “The Outer Planets & their Cycles” states Scotsman Maurice Wemyss and his “Famous Nativities” written in 1930 does not agree and gives a 2 am time. Both astrologers have the same town.
With a 2 am birth time, Marx’s ascendant changes to 23 Aquarius, [HS] “the Koran upraised” a symbol of faith in the supremacy of faith itself and in all things of this world.” Keyword is Justification with the idea of an unqualified vindication of a nature thoroughly rectified.
In both cases the North Node is Taurus: Jones its in the 3rd house and for Weymss in the 2nd.
James Braha says that the second suggests “a past life, where the person was preoccupied with the profundity of life, mysticism, spiritual development, and helping others find their values and self-worth.In this carnation he should focus on steady and stable income & acknowledge his own value system.”
Bernice Grebner says the “North Node in the 3rd makes it difficult for the person to express his emotions, as he is too caught up in his work and his own world. He needs to be realistic and separate fact from his fancies.” For the record, Liz Greene uses the Wemyss chart in her writing; YMMV.