Marc Jones starts off How to Learn Astrology with an enigmatic chart for Martin Luther, a cleric that he held in great esteem. There was a lot of research to uncover the basis for the chart, when asked Jones would say, “figure it out yourself,” and when this project was just starting, we did.
Next the question was what house system did Marc use? He was a major proponent of the Placidean, but that did not match the chart in the book. It took some while when discovered he used Luther’s friend Regiomontanus’s method, which coincidentally is the same that William Lilly, the self-professed Christian astrologer did, everything was of a piece. This is documented in our first and only newsletter the Sabian Earth Newsletter, published 3 years this coming week.
On October 31, 1517 Martin Luther nailed 95 Theses on the church door at Wittenburg and things have never been quite the same.
OCTOBER 31, 1517, on the even of All Saint’s Day
Out of love for the truth and the desire to bring it to light, the following propositions will be discussed at Wittenberg, under the presidency of the Reverend Father Martin Luther, Master of Arts and of Sacred Theology, and Lecturer in Ordinary on the same at that place. Wherefore he requests that those who are unable to be present and debate orally with us, may do so by letter.
In the Name our Lord Jesus Christ. Amen.
When our Lord and Master Jesus Christ said, “Repent” ( Matthew 4:17 ), he willed the entire life of believers to be one of repentance.
This word cannot be understood as referring to the sacrament of penance, that is, confession and satisfaction, as administered by the clergy.
Yet it does not mean solely inner repentance; such inner repentance is worthless unless it produces various outward mortification of the flesh.
When I was young, my cousin Diane’s best friend was named Memory. I always thought that a wild name and so never forgot it. Recently Diane asked me to do Memory’s chart, and as we are looking for “regular Joe’s” besides the famous to fill in our 1000, we gladly said yes.
Memory is an 08 Gemini Rising, a peculiar symbol of “an industrial strike.” It recognizes Memory’s need to act in his own interest when the general situation does not provide her with the creative outlet she needs or proves inadequate for her mental stability. While the image of an industrial strike did not seem fitting for Memory, the words that Marc Jones writes is prescient: a survivor of two failed marriages that strangely echo each other, she left both never looking back. (Uranus Square Saturn helps here).
No children appear in the 5th house itself, but hovering around it, is the Sun at 11 Virgo, perfect the boy of her second marriage, born at Virgo 11 or the day after her own birthday, and on the other cusp are the 2 daughters from her first — Libra 25 in the 6th and Neptune (appropriately enough a backup singer) at 23 Libra. It is “striking” there goes that word again, that none of them are in the 5th, and that be more of how she thinks about them — she raised her girls to be self-sufficient and independent children and her boy like many last children, she frets over and mothers too much.
Memory is a bundle Temperament Type, a grouping where everything falls within the trine of the chart. Jupiter in the 2nd starts her chart, showing how Memory has adapted her career to whatever is thrown her way ending with the other planet of Motivation in the 6th, Saturn, emphasizing her steadfast work ethic and dependability.
Her North Node in Aquarius in the 9th, keys into moral fortitude and large number of real friends that she can count on while te Dragon’s Tail in Leo makes endowed with courage, to stand up for rights and leave hostile relationships While the SN in Leo makes her hot tempered, it also imbues her with a generosity of spirit that she can truthfully say “bygones are bygones.”
She has a preponderance in Leo, highlighting her dramatic flair in speech and dress. Tall and thin, she broadens her personal space with brightly coloured clothes and flowing Marimekko ensembles. Her career started as a fashion buyer, changed over to retail for a while and now sews and designs her own line of children’s wear, outside of course what she makes for herself. Her eager Mental Chemistry helps in this field, as she is ahead of the trends, but never so far as to be outlandish or risque, just enough to be “striking.”
Hattie is the youngest daughter of Roslyn that we previously highlighted. She has an out of bounds or out of quadrature, conjunction in the twelfth house between Pluto at 30 Leo and Venus at 02 Venus. Marc Jones like all traditional astrologers does not acknowledge that in his readings though software will. He writes
When the aspect’s orb permits it to be made across the line of a sign, as illustrated in Elbert Hubbard’s case by the sun (near the end of a common sign) square Jupiter (near the beginning of a cardinal sign), the planets here are in sextile aspect and so quadrature support is not necessary, if anything they must be out of quadrature.
Looking at the square between the Sun and Neptune in the chart of Elbert Hubbard, we see immediately that it is out of quadrature and should be disregarded. Only a square within the same quadrature should be examined. That is true of trines, oppositions, and conjunctions as well. Knowledge of this will spare the student many embarrassing mistakes in the horoscopes where the cusps of the houses might make the planets seem to be in a relation quite different from their actual situation.
Hattie’s preponderance in the 12th makes sense, as it rules “hidden issues” and hospital scenes. Typically because Pisces is the essential ruler it covers feet and toes, but in Hattie’s case the chart is almost reversed and Venus is in the opposite opposite of Virgo and so rules “teeth.” Hattie is a dental surgeon and so it is true that her work is similar to “mining” and exploration. She also have a preponderance in Leo, showing that she works best where is she is in charge — she have 5 planets in Leo spanning from the eleventh to the twelfth houses.
Her temperament type is a Bundle as her planets all fall within one trine of the circle.
‘If you ask Google “when is Jamal Khashoggi’s birthday”, it will return October 13 1958. Based on that, we created this chart using a sunrise birthtime and whole houses since we are working the dark. Nothing odd about that but the chart is rather perplexing for him. Obviously whatever we know about the journalist is either wrong or the date is; perhaps both.
The Facts on Jamal
What we know is that Jamal Khashoggi was born in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. The Washington Post and the New York Times says nothing more, but of course his surname “Khashoggi” brings up connections to Adnan Khashoggi, the billionaire nuclear arms dealer. Even with that information, both papers go silent and I could nothing further.
The India Times does give this background on him, but nothing on his relationships (October 6 2018 when Khashoggi went missing).
Khashoggi was a well-known journalist, used to rubbing shoulders with political elites. He became friends with Turkey’s president, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, and had been close to Saudi royals. He spent years rising in the ranks of the Saudi media. Later Khashoggi served as an unofficial spokesman and adviser for the royal family.
His career grinded to halt lt when Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman barred him as part of a widespread crackdown on dissent in particular and journalists as a whole. Mr. Khashoggi went into self-imposed exile in the United States, where he has a was a legal resident but not a citizen; he kept his Saudi citizenship, but became a prominent critic of the Saudi monarchy in regular columns for The Washington Post.
The crown prince was often the focus of his criticism, with Khashoggi’s recent columns slamming him for “peddling revisionist history,” & jailing prominent women’s rights activists and for stifling free speech. His friend Erdogan, who does not have strong credentials in any of these areas, supported him.
Nonetheless, Khashoggi and Erdogan are friends. It raises more questions than it answers, but at least it gives us something to explore. We discover in the Turkish papers, that “Khashoggi is an Arabic surname of Turkish origin.” That seems to happen a lot in Middle East, there was also the Egyptian Queen Farida that had a similar background.
Turks in Egypt
The reason for that is the Ottoman Turk settlement of Egypt in the 19th century as the tried displace the natural north African population with Islamic Turks and thus over years and interbreeding, the earlier populace would be minimal and they would have a solid control of the area.
In 1835 the British Missionary Herald (now defunct) reported that “The population [of Egypt] is of a mixed character. The great mass being Mohammedans, either of Arab or Turkish descent.” Even that definition is problematic, as the 1911 Britannica states:
Greek and Roman geographers Libya (Africa) to Egypt but others said that the Nile was division between Libya and Asia. The distinguishing features of Egypt are
the Nile and the desert. But for the river there would be, nothing to differentiate the country from other parts of the Sahara. The Nile, however, has transformed the land through which it passes. It pierces the desert, and at its annual overflow deposits rich sediment brought from the Abyssinian highlands, thus the river has created the Delta and the fertile strip in Upper Egypt.³
By 1840 the secular British Saturday Magazine reported that Egypt’s population was “about two millions and a half, the majority of whom are of Arab or Turkish descent,…”. Almost forty years later in 1878 the German Verlag Karl Baedeker described the Turkish community to be a comparatively small section of the population, mainly concentrated to the towns.
There is some discrepancy there, but Germany and the Ottomans were great allies, so we can take Baedeker’s claims with a grain of salt as they were trying to minimize the Turkish influence. Nonetheless, as Egypt was under Ottoman Rule, we can surmise that the Turkish settlers were getting favorable treatment and preferences, and abetted by the Overloads in their rise.
The Khashoggi Family
The Indian newspaper, The Print reports,
Adnan Khashoggi, the international arms dealer,was the infamous go-between in the Iran Contra arms affair in the mid-1980s. (He died November 2017). His father was a doctor to the founder of the Saudi monarchy, King Abdul Aziz, while his mother was Turkish. His sister, Samira, was the mother of billionaire Dodi Fayed, Princess Diana’s lover, who died with her in the Paris car crash in 1997. This made Jamal Khashoggi and Dodi Fayed cousins.
Looking at Wikipedia there is a whole list of Jamal’s family is listed but neither his parents nor children. We know that Dr. Khashoggi, Jamal’s grandfather, had six children, two of which are Adnan and the other Samira. There is another daughter, Soheir Khashoggi, who is still alive and reported to be 71. She is fine artist who has a degree from Beirut’s Interior Design Center, and a writer. Wikipedia states that she has four daughters.
Next is Assia Khashoggi a creative psychotherapist based in London (see the picture above next to her brother Adnan, Assia is wearing blue). No personal information on her is about at all so that is a dead end because he could have many more children via other wives, mistresses etc. This is just a listing of his acknowledged children.
So, who are Jamal’s parents? We do not know. Adnan had eight children and a listing of them is unknown. It would seem that Adnan or a brother is Jamal’s father because of the surname and his connections. We admit that his ancestry is much like the Lebanese Prime Minister’s connections, are lost in a maze of speculation and missing information; family sites are gone and found only via the WayBackMachine but even then just the index pages (the default first page of a site). It is doubtful that they will ever release the family ancestral tree but we feel that Jamal’s father was Adnan and his mother was a royal doyenne. Islam allows for lots of wives, or technically as many as a man can afford, and Khashoggi could afford several.
Next is the problem with Khashoggi’s own family — his children. Wikipedia, not a recommended source of information by any standard, states that Jamal has no children, but on Thursday, October 25, the WSJ was reporting that his son, Salah, also a reporter, was finally being allowed to leave Saudi Arabia. There was no word on his or other children or other son, though one was at the press conference,.
Finally, the Chart
The chart that heads this post is the one Google and Khashoggi’s Turkish fiance use, but Mudbreaker [gone as of October 29 but I copied the post] states that date is wrong based on his passport. They report that the true date is January 22, 1958 in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. Perhaps the difference in dates is because the Arabs are superstitious and know the power of astrology, but that is conjecture.
Above are two charts. The one on the left is green for the January 1958 date while one on the right is the white with October date [the Saudi flag is green and white), both are in the whole house format and a sunrise birth. Mecca is 2385 km or 1482 miles away from equator but based on longitude it is in the northern hemisphere and Khashoggi was born in summer. Saudi Arabia uses a lunar based calendar because of their Islamic faith. It also effects their hemispheric declination change from the north to south based upon the the new moon’s station in June for the Feast of el Eid, a commemoration when Ibrahim (Abraham of Genesis) was willing to sacrifice his son Isaac to God.
When June’s new moon is significantly north of the ecliptic, Saudi Arabia is in the Northern Hemisphere; but when the new moon is significantly south of the ecliptic, they are the Southern Hemisphere. Remember though that is a religious cultural observance, not as astronomical one as there they are in the Northern Hemisphere hence June is their hottest month.
Back to Jamal.
Using Mudbreaker’s date of January 22 1958,, Khashoggi via the whole house system is 28 Capricorn Ascendant (“a large aviary”) — using almost all other house systems that becomes 25 Aquarius (an Oriental Rug Dealer). His Sun in Whole House is at 02 Aquarius Sun (an “unexpected thunderstorm”) and his moon is 27 Aquarius (“ancient pottery filled with violets”¹), a new moon at the time of his birth. Neither the Sun nor Moon degree change depending upon the house system used.
Violets in the Language of the Flowers means, faithfulness and modesty. It is associated with the month of February supporting the Amethyst was revered in Ancient Greece. Illinois, Wisconsin, New Jersey and Rhode Island all chose it for their state flower.
Gary Busey playing Biff in Back to the Future is rather satirical, as he had a near death experience when he crashed a guard rail back in 1988. It made headline because he refused to wear a helmet and during the surgery to sew his head back together, the actor died on the operating table.
Gary, born William Gareth Jacob Busey, won an Academy award for fellow Texan, Buddy Holley, another irony as Busey started out as a drummer in a country-western band and played for Leon Russell, Willie Nelson and Kris Kristofferson.
He is a bundle temperament type, though it is hard to tell because his tenth house is crowded with a preponderance of planets in Cancer, making Saturn at home in the tenth, ill-dignified because Saturn is in its detriment in Cancer and highlighting his unsettled family life: Busey has three children from three different women, only two of which he married, but he is an incurable romantic.
The Uranus on the tenth house cusp shows that he is versatile, and the Midheaven at 16.20 tells of his musical talent. Mars in the twelfth does tell of crashes against metal, and indeed he struck a metal guardrail, and since it is conjunct Jupiter gave him the great luck to outlive the incident.
Looking at the bi-wheel of the two charts we can easily see the accident. A Cosmic Cross dominates, the first from the Ascendant in Virgo to his protective Dragon’s head in the sixth (health and surgery). The second part is from Mercury in Sagittarius conjunct the Sun, probably going too far, opposite the Midheaven and Uranus – an unexpected turn, or his reflexes were not as good as he thought. This chart suggests Busey was motoring while intoxicated so his reflexes were slowed and his judgement impaired. There is an extra support for this from the opposition of the the Moon in Libra to Mars in Aries.
Line of Vitality is squared, showing Busey is an adrenaline junkie.
Line of Efficiency is missing telling us Busey does not plan his life, he just falls into it. As the majority of his planets are int he Southwestern portion of his map, while Busey tries to manage his life, he is poor at it, and usually ends up letting others do it to his detriment. The Moon in Libra, the end of the Bundle, tells us he is a poor financial manager also.
Line of Motivation is semi-sextile suggesting that Busey needs a lot of encouragement to make changes in his life. Another with this aspect is Herr Goebbels surprisingly.
Line of Self-Determination is missing showing his disinterest in social issues.
Tally two out out of four despite being a close knit bundle.
Rockwell Kent was born in Tarrytown, Westchester County, New York the same year as fellow artist, Edward Hopper. The Tappan Zee Bridge now separates the two counties, back then it was a ferry service. Their art, unsurprisingly, is quite similar, desolate landscapes with few people and the two took similar methods, if only by their opposite, is obscuring their life: Kent moved all the up to Plattsburgh, at the end of the Adirondack Mountains & five miles from the Canadian border, while Hopper went into the heart of Manhattan and was lost in the crowd.
There is not much information on Kent the man or artist but there are lots of articles about his political activism and how in 1966 he was elected to the Academy of Arts of the U.S.S.R. and donated a large portion of his art works to the Soviet people. Jones and the introduction to his N&E woodcut work, state that he was born at 4 am, though we are skeptical of that time and Gemini ascendant and Sun.
Like James Russell Lowell, Rockwell Kent is a bundle, but instead of being all in the southern hemisphere and extroverted, his is on the south-eastern portion and self-reliant and insular. Another difference between the two is where Lowell covered all four departments; Kent only has two –the Lines of Vitality & Motivation — so much for bundles being just the same.
Jones writes that Kent is a “restless soul who practiced architecture before turning to painting” which is partially true. Kent attended the Horace Mann School, while it was still in the Village next to New York University, where he excelled at mechanical drawing. His family’s financial circumstances prevented him from pursuing career in the fine arts, so after graduating in 1900, he applied to Columbia University, uptown at Morningside Heights, to study architecture. A thorough biography of Kent’s artist career is on the National Gallery of Art’s site including discussion of this three marriages, five children and turn to paint.¹ They have many of his works of art as well on display.
He died on March 13, 1971 in Plattsburgh from a heart attack. His third wife, Sally, was at his side.
Kent started as an illustrator for an architecture firm, but found that illustration for the mag trade like Vanity Fair in the 1910’s was more lucrative and more to his style. He and the Art Nouveau movement fit together like hand and glove, much like another illustrative artist, Aubrey Beardsley, who was born in Great Britain, eleven years earlier.
As for our choice, we prefer 4 pm and not 4 am. that gives him the ascendant of 18 Scorpio with its essential ruler square it in the ninth house. We feel that is important because because it depicts his independence from convention both in his schooling and his politics and as it square his ascendant the personal cost. We think that he is not as self-reliant as the 4 am chart shows but more experiential and Pluto’s discovery in 1932 considered with Mr. Kent’s crossover from an illustrative artist to fine artist with his art book Sea & Sky.
Jupiter in the seventh house works better for a man married several times and the Moon in the tenth is perfect for someone who worked in metal lithography and engraving — both art forms that highlight sun and shadow over color and the Moon is sextile the metallic Mars in the first is an added bonus. Kent’s ascendant is directly opposite Neptune giving a particular importance to water-travels in both his life and art.
Saturn is next to Neptune in the sixth, showing the influence his father had on his work and sense of duty.s Trine Saturn’s essential tenth house that gives Mr. Kent great form and precision in his work and while the midheaven is exact the fixed star Regulus, it is also square Pluto reminding us that his poor choices in the opportunities at hand undermined his talent — this most likely is his support for Stalin and Communism during the Cold War. Even a recent retrospective in the Adirondacks mentioned that now that “hostilities were over” Rockwell Kent’s work could be shown “again.”
Right now if you are vacationing in the Lake George area, we recommend stopping in at the Hyde Collection in Glens Falls near the Queensbury Factory Malls. It is an exquisite museum and showing some of his art work…until alas July 22nd.
That James Russell Lowell is part of the Jones 1000 makes sense; Jones considered himself a minor poet and wrote esoteric verse whenever he could much like Aleister Crowley, his contemporary, did.
JAMES RUSSELL LOWELL was a diplomatist, was born at Elmwood, in Cambridge, Massachusetts, on the 22nd of February 1819. He was the son of Charles Lowell (1782-1861), the minister for the West Congregational (Unitarian) Church of Boston.. For the greater part of his ministry, Chas. Lowell was the lone voice against slavery. On his mother’s side he was descended from the Spences and Traills, who made their home in the Orkney Islands, & his great-grandfather, Robert Traill, returned to England on outbreak of the American Revolution in 1775.
Cambridge was still very much undeveloped land then, so Lowell was able to traipse about in nature and discover its delights. He was also early initiated into the reading of poetry and romance, hearing Spenser and Scott in childhood, and old ballads from his mother. He graduated at Harvard without special honors in 1838.
Uncertain on what vocation to choose, he vacillated between business, the ministry, medicine and law, he opted to practise law, and applied to Harvard law school, and then was admitted to the Massachusetts bar. He became betrothed to Maria White in the autumn of 1840, and the next twelve years of his life were deeply affected by her influence in the movements directed against the evils of intemperance and slavery.
Jones gives Lowell the birth time of 9:45 am on February 22, 1819. When he was born though Neptune, not discovered until 1845, was unknown, but Lowell married his first wife Maria the year Monsieur Le Verrier discovered it and that marriage was a major impetus for his literary career; obviously Neptune largely influenced his life from that point on.
His ascendant is 16 Taurus with the Hyperion symbol of “package delivery van” a rather incongruous image for Lowell but one that Kent McClung explains as “a basic down-to-earth consideration to universal outcomes” which describes Lowell’s life well.
As Jones states in the Essential of Astrological Analysis¹, Lowell is a bundle. All of his planets span within a trine starting with the then newly found Uranus to the old standby Saturn, co-rulers of Aquarius that is his eleventh house of friends and spirituality, showing his literary span of influence and writings. His South Node is in the sixth house of Libra, often associated with the law, and shows as Lowell found out the hard way, it was not the career for him. Instead, the North Node at 22 Aries conjunct his Part of Fortune at 20 Aries in the twelfth house, that poetry and literary endeavours maybe more to his taste.
Indeed, 22 Aries has the symbol of a Sage explaining the universe” and 20 fits in perfectly with the image of a “savler of healing oil,” heralding his work for the abolition of slavery that became the hallmark of his works and the Atlantic Monthly and his ability to nourish new poets and writers.
Where’s the lines?
Lowell’s Line of Vitality is semi-sextile sim²ilar to Alfred Lord Tennyson’s sextile aspect. This suggests that their friend and loved one’s deaths and illnesses highly affected their life and work. In Lowell’s case, his chart is pock-marked with septiles much like F. Scott Fitzgerald
His Line of Efficiency is just semi-sextile, hovering on the outer limits of Martial orb and suggests that no matter what the problem, Lowell had great confidence in his ability to conquer it. This so struck Marc Jones that he wrote he became the “prime spirit in the flowering of native New England talent” through his industrious “self-reliance of the future of American literature.”
His Line of Self-Determination, as we previously noted, is conjunct, giving Lowell a heightened ability to take advantage of opportunities as they fell his way — the spot at Harvard University and the Spanish post from President Rutherford B. Hayes, are two such examples.
Finally, his Line of Motivation is also semi-sextile, but that all four departments are so close is something to expect in a Bundle where everything is so bunched together. This line shows Lowell’s ability to make lemonade out of lemons — or an ability to see great hope in adversity.
The betrothal stimulated Lowell towards new efforts of self-support, because while still maintaining his law office as he was discovering he had no taste for it and little income. He threw his energy into a literary journal, called The Pioneer with his law partner and was open to anyone who sent something in and so got Nathaniel Hawthorne, Ralph Waldo Emerson, John Greenleaf Whittier, Edgar Allen Poe & Lowell Parsons, none of them yet possessing a wide reputation. After three monthly issues, beginning in January 1843, the magazine came to an end, partly because of a sudden disaster which befell Lowell‘s eyes, partly through his business inexperience; they were bankrupt.
The venture confirmed Lowell in his bent towards literature. At the close of 1843 he published a collection of his poems, Conversations on some of the Old Poets. This is written in the form of a dialogue undress his subject; there was no attempt at the dramatic. The book reflects Lowell‘s mind for the conversations relate only partly to the poets and dramatists of the Elizabethan period; and any slight suggestion elsewhere sends the interlocutors off on the discussion of current reforms in church and state and society; he was a born reformer.
Literature and reform were dividing the author’s mind and continued to do so for the next decade. Lowell and Miss White were married and spent the winter and early spring of 1845 in Philadelphia. Here, besides continuing his literary contributions to magazines, Lowell had a regular engagement as an editorial writer on The Pennsylvania Freeman, a fortnightly journal devoted to the Anti-Slavery cause.
In the spring of 1845 the Lowells returned to Cambridge and made their home at Elmwood. On the last day of the year their first child, Blanche, was born, but she lived only fifteen months. A second daughter, Mabel, was born six months after Blanche’s death, and lived to survive her father; a third, Rose, died an infant.
Lowell‘s mother meanwhile was living, sometimes at home, sometimes at a neighboring hospital, with a clouded mind, and his wife was in frail health. These troubles and a narrow income conspired to make Lowell almost a recluse in these days, but from the retirement of Elmwood he sent forth writings which show how large an interest he took in affairs. He contributed poems to the daily press, on the Slavery question and while some were frequently works of art, occasionally they were tracts; but the prose was exclusively concerned with the public men and questions of the day.
In 1848 Lowell wrote a second series of Poems,: “Columbus,” “An Indian Summer Reverie,” “To the Dandelion,” “The Changeling”; A Fable for Critics,The Vision of Sir Launa, a romantic story suggested by the Arthurian legends – one of his most popular poems; and finally The Biglow Papers.
Lowell had acquired a reputation among men of letters and a cultivated class of readers, but it was the satire of Biglow that brought he greater fame. The book was a single poem against the Mexican war and the Manifest Destiny that was so prominent in American politics; it was a great seller.
The death of Lowell‘s mother, and the fragility of his wife’s health, led Lowell, with his wife, their daughter Mabel and their infant son Walter, to go to Europe in 1851, and they went direct to Italy. The early months of their stay were saddened by the death of Walter in Rome, and by the news of the illness of Lowell‘s father, who had a slight shock of paralysis.
They returned in November 1852, and Lowell published a prose volume, Fireside Travels that helped endorse the Fireside poets and strengthen their name.. He took part also in the editing of an American edition of the British Poets, but the low state of his wife’s health kept him in an uneasy condition. Mrs. Lowell died (27th October 1853) just as Neptune entered Taurus and with that grief came a readjustment of his nature and a new intellectual activity.
At the invitation of a cousin, he delivered a course of lectures on English poets before the Lowell Institute in Boston in the winter of 1855. This first formal appearance as a critic and historian of literature at once gave him a new standing in the community and was the occasion of his election to the Smith Professorship of Modern Languages in Harvard College, then vacant by the retirement of Longfellow.
In 1856 when a new Jupiter Cycle began, Lowell married Miss Frances Dunlap, a lady who had been in charge of his daughter Mabel since her mother’s death.
The Atlantic Monthly
In the autumn of 1857 The Atlantic Monthlywas established, and Lowell was its first editor. He at once gave the magazine the stamp of high literature and of bold speech on public affairs. He held this position until spring of 1861, but he continued to make the magazine the vehicle of his poetry and of some prose for the rest of his life. By 1862 he was associated with Mr Charles Eliot Norton, editor of the North American Review (Nathan Hale founded it in 1815)/ Later Norton himself founded the Nation.
In 1877 Lowell, who had mingled so little in party politics that was appointed by President Hayes as minister resident at the court of Spain. He had a good knowledge of Spanish language and literature, and his long-continued studies in history and his quick judgment enabled him speedily to adjust himself to these new relations. His despatches to the home government were published in a posthumous volume – Impressions of Spain. In 1880 he was transferred to London as American minister and remained there till the close of President Arthur’s administration in the spring of 1885.
Illness attended the last months of his life, and he died at Elmwood on the 12th of August 1891. After his death his literary executor, Charles Eliot Norton, published a brief collection of his poems, and two volumes of added prose, besides editing his letters.
Britannica review of Lowell’s oevure
The spontaneity of Lowell‘s nature is delightfully disclosed in his personal letters. They are often brilliant, and sometimes very penetrating in their judgment of men and books; but the most constant element is a pervasive humor, and this humor, by turns playful and sentimental, is largely characteristic of his poetry, which sprang from a genial temper, quick in its sympathy with nature and humanity. The literary refinement which marks his essays in prose is not conspicuous in his verse, which is of a simpler character.
There was an apparent conflict in him of the critic and the creator, but the conflict was superficial. The man behind both critical and creative work was so genuine, that through his writings and speech and action he impressed himself deeply upon his generation in America, especially upon the thoughtful and scholarly class who looked upon him as especially their representative. This is not to say that he was a man of narrow sympathies.
On the contrary, he was democratic in his thought, and outspoken in his rebuke of whatever seemed to him antagonistic to the highest freedom. Thus, without taking a very active part in political life, he was recognized as one of the leaders of independent political thought. He found expression in so many ways, and was apparently so inexhaustible in his resources, that his very versatility and the ease with which he gave expression to his thought sometimes stood in the way of a recognition of his large, simple political ideality and the singleness of his moral sight.
The Works of James Russell Lowell,in ten volumes (Boston and New York, Houghton, Mifflin & Co., 1890); edition deluxe, 61 vols. (1904);
Latest Literary Essays and Addresses(1891);
The Old English Dramatists (1892);
Conversations on some of the Old Poets (Philadelphia, David McKay; reprint of the volume published in 1843 and subsequently abandoned by its author, 1893);
The Power of Sound: A Rhymed Lecture(New York, privately printed, 1896);
Lectures on English Poets(Cleveland, The Rowfant Club, 1899).
Adapted from the Encyclopedia Britannica, 1911
One of Lowell’s Poems.
Dear common flower, that grow’st beside the way,
Fringing the dusty road with harmless gold,
First pledge of blithesome May,
Which children pluck, and, full of pride uphold,
High-hearted buccaneers, o’erjoyed that they
An Eldorado in the grass have found,
Which not the rich earth’s ample round
May match in wealth, thou art more dear to me
Than all the prouder summer-blooms may be.
Gold such as thine ne’er drew the Spanish prow
Through the primeval hush of Indian seas,
Nor wrinkled the lean brow
Of age, to rob the lover’s heart of ease;
‘Tis the Spring’s largess, which she scatters now
To rich and poor alike, with lavish hand,
Though most hearts never understand
To take it at God’s value, but pass by
The offered wealth with unrewarded eye.
Thou art my tropics and mine Italy;
To look at thee unlocks a warmer clime;
The eyes thou givest me
Are in the heart, and heed not space or time:
Not in mid-June the golden-cuirassed bee
Feels a more summer-like warm ravishment
In the white lily’s breezy tent,
His fragrant Sybaris, than I, when first
From the dark green thy yellow circles burst.
Then think I of deep shadows on the grass,
Of meadows where in sun the cattle graze,
Where, as the breezes pass,
The gleaming rushes lean a thousand ways,
Of leaves that slumber in a cloudy mass,
Or whiten in the wind, of waters blue
That from the distance sparkle through
Some woodland gap, and of a sky above,
Where one white cloud like a stray lamb doth move.
My childhood’s earliest thoughts are linked with thee;
The sight of thee calls back the robin’s song,
Who, from the dark old tree
Beside the door, sang clearly all day long,
And I, secure in childish piety,
Listened as if I heard an angel sing
With news from heaven, which he could bring
Fresh every day to my untainted ears
When birds and flowers and I were happy peers.
How like a prodigal doth nature seem,
When thou, for all thy gold, so common art!
Thou teachest me to deem
More sacredly of every human heart,
Since each reflects in joy its scanty gleam
Of heaven, and could some wondrous secret show,
Did we but pay the love we owe,
And with a child’s undoubting wisdom look
On all these living pages of God’s book.